បក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​បក្ស​ប្រជាជន​បង្ហាញ​ជំហរ​ក្នុង​ការ​ចរចា

បក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​ទាមទារ​ឲ្យ​បក្ស​ប្រជាជន​បង្ហាញ​ជំហរ​ក្នុង​ការ​ចរចា

ដោយ ខែ សុណង
2014-03-13

ស្ដាប់ ឬ ទាញ​យក​សំឡេងស្តាប់សំឡេង ថតសំឡេង

បក្ស​ប្រជាជន សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ចរចា ៦១០

មន្ត្រី​បក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា និង​បក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ធ្វើ​សន្និសីទ​កាសែត​ក្រោយ​កិច្ច​ប្រជុំ​នា​វិមាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា កាល​ពី​ព្រឹក​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១០ មីនា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៤។

RFA/Van Vichar

គម្រោង​ជំនួប​ចរចា​ជា​ថ្មី​ទៀត​រវាង​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា និង​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ នៅ​មិន​ទាន់​មាន​ភាព​ច្បាស់លាស់​នៅ​ឡើយ​ទេ។ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៣ មីនា គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ បាន​ដាក់​សំណើ​មួយ​ចំនួន​ទៅ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា គឺ​នៅ​មុន​ជំនួប​ដែល​គ្រោង​ធ្វើ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៧ មីនា ខាង​មុខ​នេះ។

តំណាង​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ បាន​ស្នើ​ឲ្យ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា បញ្ជាក់​ពី​របៀបវារៈ​ឲ្យ បាន​ច្បាស់​លាស់​មុន​នឹង​ឈាន​ដល់​ការ​ជួប​ចរចា​គ្នា​បន្ត​ទៀត ដែល​គ្រោង​ធ្វើ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៧ មីនា។

ប្រធាន​គណៈកម្មការ​ចម្រុះ​និង​ជា​តំណាង​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ លោក សុន ឆ័យ មាន​ប្រសាសន៍​ថា គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ចង់​ឃើញ​របៀបវារៈ​សម្រាប់​កិច្ច​ប្រជុំ​បន្ត​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៧ មីនា។ លោក​ថា ការ​ស្នើ​នេះ​ដោយ​សារ​តែ​ការ​ពិភាក្សា​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១០ មីនា មិន​ទាន់​សម្រេច​លើ​ប្រធានបទ​នៃ​ការ​កែ​ទម្រង់​ស្ថាប័ន​បោះឆ្នោត។

«សំឡេង»

នៅ​ក្នុង​លិខិត​របស់​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១៣ មីនា មាន​ខ្លឹមសារ​ថា ប្រធានបទ​ទាក់ទង​នឹង​ការ​កែទម្រង់​ការ​បោះឆ្នោត​ឲ្យ​ទៅ​ជា​ស្ថាប័ន​រដ្ឋ​ធម្មនុញ្ញ​ដែល​ឯករាជ្យ និង​មាន​ការ​ជ្រើស​តាំង​ដោយ​រដ្ឋសភា​តាំង​សំឡេង ២ ភាគ ៣ នៃ​សមាជិក​សភា​ទាំង​មូល គឺ​ជា​របៀបវារៈ​ចាំបាច់​ជា​អាទិភាព​សម្រាប់​ការងារ​កែទម្រង់​ការ​បោះឆ្នោត​ដែល​មិន​អាច​រំលង​បាន។

ការ​ដាក់​លិខិត​ទៅ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា​នេះ នៅ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ប្រធាន​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​បាន​ប្រកាស​ថា ការ​ចរចា​រវាង​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា កន្លង​មក គ្រាន់​តែ​ជា​ការ​ពន្យារ​ពេល​តែ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ ពីព្រោះ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា មិន​មាន​ជំហរ​ច្បាស់លាស់​ក្នុង​ការ​កែ​ទម្រង់ គ.ជ.ប។

ថ្លែង​នៅ​ក្នុង​កិច្ច​ពិភាក្សា​របស់​វិទ្យុ​អាស៊ីសេរី កាល​ពី​យប់​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១២ មីនា លោក ព្រុំ សុខា ប្រធាន​ក្រុម​ដឹកនាំ​ការ​ចរចា​តំណាង​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា បាន​បញ្ជាក់​ថា របៀបវារៈ​ដែល​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ​លើក​នៅ​ក្នុង​កិច្ច​ប្រជុំ​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១០ មីនា សុំ​ឲ្យ គ.ជ.ប ជា​ស្ថាប័ន​ធម្មនុញ្ញ និង​បោះឆ្នោត​ជ្រើស​តាំង​សមាសភាព គ.ជ.ប ដោយ​សំឡេង ២ ភាគ ៣ នោះ មិន​អាច​ធ្វើ​ទៅ​បាន​ទេ ពីព្រោះ​ច្បាប់​នេះ​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ជា​អ្នក​ផ្ដួចផ្ដើម​គំនិត​ឲ្យ​មាន​ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត​ភាគ​ច្រើន​ដាច់​ខាត ឬ ៥០ បូក ១។

«សំឡេង»

សម្ព័ន្ធ​កំណែ​ទម្រង់​ការ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត ហៅ​ថា អ៊ីរ៉ា (ERA) ដែល​មាន​អង្គការ​មិន​មែន​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ជាង ២០​ស្ថាប័ន​ជា​សមាជិក បាន​ស្នើ​ឲ្យ​គណបក្ស​នយោបាយ​ទាំង​២ កំណត់​ពេល​វេលា​ជួប​ចរចា​ឲ្យ​បាន​ញឹកញាប់។ ទន្ទឹម​នឹង​គ្នា​នោះ ការ​ស្នើ​ក៏​មាន​បំណង​ឲ្យ​បញ្ចប់​វិវាទ​នយោបាយ​នៅ​កម្ពុជា ឲ្យ​បាន​ឆាប់។ ការ​ផ្តល់​អនុសាសន៍​នេះ កើត​ឡើង​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ជំនួប​ចរចា​រវាង​ក្រុម​ការងារ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា និង​គណបក្ស​សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​១០ ខែ​មីនា មិន​មាន​លទ្ធផល​វិជ្ជមាន៕

Cambodian NGOs Call for Election Committee Selected By Neutral Body

Cambodian NGOs Call for Election Committee Selected By Neutral Body

Op-Ed: RFA
2013-12-13

cambodia-ngo-irregularities-nov-2013-1000.jpg

NGO representatives outline a report on election irregularities at a press conference in Phnom Penh, Nov. 27, 2013.

 RFA

Cambodia’s National Election Committee (NEC), which oversees the country’s polls, should be revamped with representatives picked by an independent panel in a transparent manner with the involvement of all stakeholders, a group of non-governmental organizations said in a report after investigating the latest disputed elections.

The Election Reform Alliance (ERA), consisting of eight nongovernmental organizations, said in the report that election reform must begin with the government-appointed NEC, which officially declared Prime Minister Hun Sen’s ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) the victor in the July 28 polls despite opposition allegations of fraud and other irregularities.

“The National Election Committee should be dismantled and a new, independent, and constitutionally-mandated election commission should be created with the authority, comprehensive jurisdiction, and budget to operate effectively,” the report said.

“Commissioners of this new body must be selected in a transparent manner with the involvement of all stakeholders,” it said. “Local electoral officials must also be recruited publicly by a selection committee composed of NEC and political party representatives.”

The ERA said that in light of the disputed election, which the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) maintains was stolen from it due to poll fraud, “mechanisms to resolve election conflicts and complaints must be reformed.”

It recommended the creation of a separate body, such as a special electoral prosecutor, special electoral court, inspector general or ombudsman, to investigate irregularities.

The CNRP had said that more than 1 million names had been removed from voter registries in July’s polls.

The ERA cited findings by the Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia (Comfrel)—which along with other groups such as ADHOC, Licadho and NICFEC released the report—putting the number of missing names at 1.25 million.

NICFEC and the National Democratic Institute (NDI), another contributor, said that nearly 20 percent of names on the voter registration were invalid, either because they had permanently moved to another location, were deceased, or were unknown to members of the community.

The ERA also revealed instances of duplicate names, over-registration in certain districts and the use of invalid ballots during the election.

Undue influence

Rights groups and the opposition have long held that the NEC heavily favors the ruling party, pointing out that the commission’s headquarters are even based inside the Ministry of the Interior’s compound.

Continue reading Cambodian NGOs Call for Election Committee Selected By Neutral Body

Press Release on The Process of the Electoral Reform

Press Release on The Process of the Electoral Reform

Wednesday, 12 March 2014 12:06

Electoral Reform Alliance (ERA) would like to express its disappointment of with the meeting of the joint commission of the two political parties on the 10 of March 2014 which reached (substantial) result.

The joint commission must prepare an action plan for the electoral reform with clear timelines.

The joint commission must establish specific technical sub commissions to commence working on the agreed-upon election reform areas:

1.    National Election Committee
2.    Voter registration and voter list
3.    Media
4.    Electoral dispute resolution
5.    Enactment of law on political finance

The joint commission must meet more often in order to show genuine commitment to solve the problems of national interests.

The joint commission must focus on electoral reform areas that were agreed upon by the two parties.

For more information:
1.    Mr. Ny Chakrya        Head of monitoring section of ADHOC  011 27 49 59
2.    Mrs. Ros Sopheap     Executive Director of GADC         012 62 78 57
3.    Mr. Preab Kol        Executive Director of TIC        012 877 833
4.    Mr. Hang Puthea         Executive Director of NICFEC    012 95 96 66
5.    Mr. Yang Kim Eng     President of PDP-Center         016 82 82 11
6.    Mr. Koul Panha         Executive Director of COMFREL     012 94 20 17
7.    Mr. Sok Pitour        President of YCC            017 27 33 03
8.    Mr. Kean Ponlork        Vice President of DHRAC         012 55 14 66
9.    Mr. Hong Kimsuon    Chairman of CISA            012 94 55 05
10.    Mr. Pa Ngoun Teang    Executive Director of CCIM         060 40 99 99
11.    Mr. Yeng Virak         Executive Director of CLEC         012 80 12 35

Click here to download original in pdf

Independent UN expert welcomes electoral reform agreement in Cambodia

Op-Ed: UNs

Independent UN expert welcomes electoral reform agreement in Cambodia

Surya P. Subedi, Special Rapporteur on the situation of Human Rights in Cambodia. UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferré

6 March 2014 – An independent United Nations human rights expert hailed a five-point agreement reached today by Cambodia’s two main political parties to initiate electoral reforms in the country towards a more transparent process, and greater freedom of expression and right to public assembly.

“I welcome the agreements reached by the Joint Committee composed of members of the Cambodian People’s Party and the Cambodian National Rescue Party to proceed, among other things, on two concrete measures for electoral reform: to review the voter registry and to elaborate a draft law on the financing of political parties,” said Surya P. Subedi, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia.

“I hope with cautious optimism that progress toward the remaining unresolved issues would soon be made between the two parties.”

In a news release, Mr. Subedi stressed the importance of the agreement for the country, noting that the matters to be discussed by both political parties “are of concern to all Cambodians [and] are issues on which all Cambodians have the fundamental human right to express themselves, whether through demonstrations, marches or other means.”

Members of the opposition have been boycotting the Cambodian National Assembly since the middle of last year in a reported attempt to oust Prime Minister Hun Sen, whose win in July extended his 28-year rule, alleging vote-rigging and calling for a new election. The boycott escalated into demonstrations and deadly clashes with the police. A ban on demonstration was subsequently imposed in the Kingdom shortly thereafter.

Mr. Subedi welcomed the announcement made by Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on 25 February to lift the ban. “Since its imposition, I have urged the Royal Government to remove the ban, which in my view was contrary to Cambodia’s obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and its own constitution,” he said, though expressing concerns that some demonstrations may “continue to be blocked,” and persons are “still routinely detained for distributing leaflets encouraging workers to strike.”

Stating that the right to demonstrate and mobilize people to take part in demonstrations is “part and parcel of the right to peaceful assembly,” he emphasized that “the practice of arbitrarily detaining persons until they thumbprint a document agreeing to refrain from participating in future demonstrations is a violation of multiple human rights and must cease.”

Continue reading Independent UN expert welcomes electoral reform agreement in Cambodia

CNRP to walk away from talks

CNRP to walk away from talks

Thu, 13 March 2014

Negotiations between the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party and ruling Cambodian People’s Party looked like they might screech to an abrupt halt yesterday, as opposition leaders visiting supporters in Tbong Khmum province said they will “cut off” talks.

Speaking to about 1,000 supporters in the province’s O’Raing Ov district yesterday, CNRP president Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha said the talks were a “useless” attempt to “dupe foreign countries” into continuing to provide aid and called for renewed demonstrations.

“First, we stop negotiations. The talks are useless, because this [CPP working] group just delays [proceedings] to dupe foreign countries,” Rainsy said. “They said that the [Cambodia] National Rescue Party and [Cambodian] People’s Party have already agreed to negotiate, so give us money.

“So we will cut off negotiations and tell foreign countries not to give the money to [Prime Minister Hun Sen] the thief,” Rainsy said.

He added that dialogue would not restart until the CPP proved itself serious about National Election Committee reform – namely, by agreeing to key CNRP demands that NEC members should require approval by two-thirds of parliament and that it should be a constitutionally mandated body.

“When the NEC [will be] changed, we will talk more,” he said. “This time, there is not any choice besides [holding another] demonstration. So please all [citizens] prepare yourselves to hold a mass demonstration . . . to have 2 million people.”

Cheam Yeap, a senior CPP lawmaker, yesterday called on the CNRP to continue the talks, adding that the CNRP “cannot use demonstrations as a basis to resolve the problem”.

He said the government had no plans to reform the NEC until the next mandate.

“The NEC could change in the next mandate. We will not change it now,” he said.

Despite the public announcement of an end to talks by the CNRP leadership, senior party officials in Phnom Penh yesterday could not confirm whether negotiations – which include a planned Monday meeting of a joint election reform committee – were actually being called off.

Continue reading CNRP to walk away from talks

Dual citizenship for lawmakers attacked

Dual citizenship for lawmakers attacked

Wed, 12 March 2014

Legistation should be amended to prohibit elected officials from taking office if they hold dual citizenship, according to senior Cambodian People’s Party lawmaker Cheam Yeap.

Yeap on Monday said that the office of prime minister should be reserved exclusively for Cambodian nationals, but yesterday expanded the call to include all elected lawmakers.

“For the seat of the prime minister and for lawmakers, they should have only Cambodian citizenship in order to ensure their loyalty,” he said.

Yeap admitted that some CPP elected officials hold dual citizenship, but said he was unaware of the exact number.

“I am not sure how many CPP officials hold dual citizenship, but I know it is not many.”

The opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party yesterday hit back at Yeap’s comments, saying that a more pressing issue the CPP should look at was illegal immigration.

Yim Sovann, CNRP spokesman, said that the granting of economic land concessions to “foreigners” and the flow of immigrants from abroad should be a higher priority.

“I think the CPP should pay attention to illegal immigrants … and human rights abuses,” he said. “Foreigners come here to control the land, [the government gives] 99-year land concessions to the foreigners. This is the real issue.”

Sok Sam Oeun of the Cambodian Defenders Project pointed to the apparent hypocrisy of a senior CPP official making such a statement, when elected CPP representatives hold foreign passports. “If they pass this law, it’s against the unity of all Khmer people. What about the former prime minister exiled in another country? Do they commit a crime?” he asked.

“I think many CPP [officials hold dual citizenship]. Chheang Vun is also from abroad. He holds two nationalities. I think [Minister of Commerce] Sun Chantol [is] also from abroad.”

Continue reading Dual citizenship for lawmakers attacked